Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials

Description

The goal of this research study is to determine whether hormonal therapies used early in the course of prostate cancer could increase the amount of Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) as detected by PET/CT scans for participants with recurrent prostate cancer. This study will measure PSMA levels using standard PET/CT scans and participants will receive standard-of-care androgen receptor antagonist monotherapy.

The names of the treatment interventions involved in this study are:

Androgen receptor antagonist monotherapy.
PSMA PET/CT scan

It is expected that about 15 people will take part in this research study.

Participation in this research study is expected to last about 4 weeks.

Description

GoFreshRx is a randomized trial, testing the effects of a home-delivered DASH-patterned grocery intervention on blood pressure in Black adults actively treated for hypertension, residing in Boston area urban food deserts.

Description

The purpose of this study is to determine if analysis of DNA and protein material found in urine will be useful in the detection of urothelial cancer of the bladder and kidney. This analysis may be helpful to determine if how a particular cancer will act regarding remission and recurrence

Description

Chronic pain syndromes without identified organic etiology remain a challenge for physicians. Many syndromes, including back pain, are believed to have potential underlying psychological etiology; however, the exact link remains elusive. The goal of this study is to determine if mind body therapies can help people suffering from chronic back pain. The study is a randomized, partially blinded trial examining the effectiveness of Mind Body Syndrome Therapy (MBST) in reducing disability from back pain and alleviating back pain. The investigators will secondarily investigate whether MBST can improve participant quality of life and reduce the need for pain-related hospitalization. The design of the this study consists of 3 arms with one being the intervention (MBST), one being usual care, and one being a second mind-body intervention (active control). This education program consists of a series of personal interviews and group and/or individualized lectures/sessions. Participants will also be provided reading material to study during the intervention period, and asked to continue their usual care while going through the MBST program.

Description

The goal of this study is to determine if a mind-body intervention can help people suffering from chronic back pain. The study is a randomized, partially blinded trial examining the effectiveness of a mind body intervention in reducing disability from back pain and alleviating back pain in participants as compared to usual care and an active control (second mind body intervention). The investigators will secondarily investigate whether the intervention alleviates anxiety related to the pain and other quality of life parameters.

Description

The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway is a well-described evidence-based protocol to optimize patient post-operative recovery. Patients undergoing cesarean hysterectomies are a unique surgical population. These procedures are most commonly performed for patients with placenta accreta spectrum or severe postpartum hemorrhage. In recent studies examining the effectiveness of the ERAS pathway, post-operative cesarean patients experienced decreased average inpatient opioid exposure without an increase in pain scores, early mobilization and nutrition targets without increases in adverse outcomes after program implementation. Post-operative hysterectomy patients with gynecologic indications experienced shorter lengths of stay and decreased opioid consumption. Additionally, patients have significantly higher satisfaction scores. The investigators suspect that this population may also benefit similarly.

This research is a pre- and post- study to assess and describe surgical outcomes and parameters surrounding patients' post-operative recovery and experience before and after the ERAS pathway is implemented at a high volume placenta accreta spectrum Center of Excellence.

Description

This prospective, open-label, randomized-controlled trial is designed to evaluate the use of the Traxi panniculus retractor-- a commercially available Class I FDA-exempt device will improve surgical outcomes, cardiopulmonary function, and provider/patient satisfaction in morbidly obese women undergoing cesarean delivery.

Description

The participant is invited to take part in this study because they have chronic Graft versus Host Disease (cGVHD) that is not responding to standard treatment with steroids. This research study is a way of gaining new knowledge about the treatment of patients with cGVHD. This research study is evaluating a drug called abatacept.

Abatacept is a drug that alters and suppresses the immune system. Abatacept is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of moderate to severe active rheumatoid arthritis in adults and of severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in patients who have failed prior therapy with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). These are autoimmune conditions, ie caused by an overactive immune system that attacks normal tissues and organs. It is currently being tested in a variety of other autoimmune conditions. In this case it is considered experimental.

cGVHD is caused by the donor cells attacking various organs of the recipient. The investigators try to minimize this immune attack by using corticosteroids such as prednisone. In severe cases prednisone is not sufficient and other immunosuppressive medications are used in addition in order to more efficiently control cGVHD and to limit the dose and consequently the multiple side-effects of corticosteroids. This study is being done to determine if the use of abatacept is safe in patients with cGVHD and if it can facilitate a better control of cGVHD.

During this study the participants will be evaluated for side effects from the treatment with abatacept, and for response of the cGVHD to the treatment. There will be two groups of participants in the study. The first group will be treated at a relatively low dose of abatacept. If this is found to be safe then the second group will be treated at a higher dose. Three to four tablespoons of blood will be drawn at every 2 week visit in order to determine your blood counts, kidney and liver function. Some of the blood will be used in a research lab in order to study measures of your immune system and how they might be affected by the treatment.

Description

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) arises from leukemia stem cells that are difficult to eradicate and serve as a reservoir for disease relapse following chemotherapy. A promising area of investigation is the development of immunotherapeutic approaches that stimulate the immune system to recognize leukemia stem cells as foreign and eliminate them. The purpose of this research study is to determine the safety of the Dendritic Cell AML Fusion Vaccine (DC AML vaccine) after participants have achieved a remission with chemotherapy. In this clinical trial, patients are treated with a tumor vaccine alone following standard of care chemotherapy. The DC AML vaccine is an investigational agent that tries to help the immune system to recognize and fight against cancer cells. It is hoped that DC AML vaccine will prevent or delay the disease from coming back.

Description

This is a developmental project with two phases. The first phase will adapt an existing web-based intervention to incorporate mind-body exercises to develop a multi-modal intervention to promote physical activity in patients with COPD and HF. The second phase will pilot test this new intervention in a longitudinal study (subjects randomized to intervention or usual care).

Description

The aim of this study is to assess the capability of a modified under bed weighing scale (contact-free unconstrained respiratory monitor, BSS) to predict postoperative pulmonary complications in high-risk surgical patients.

The study is designed to test the hypothesis that abnormal breathing measured by a modified under bed weighing scale predicts postoperative pulmonary complications within 7 days after surgery.

Description

The purpose of this pilot study is to test the study protocol for an RCT comparing IVF outcomes between day 3 and day 5 embryo transfer in patients with five or fewer embryos in a fresh embryo transfer in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. Information derived from this RCTwould allow us to maximize the chances of success for these patients undergoing IVF.

Description

Despite growing evidence showing benefit (in both clinical and cost standpoints), only a small percentage of COPD patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure are managed with nocturnal ventilatory support. There is uncertainty of the value of aggressive nocturnal ventilation, especially polysomnographic estimation of therapy and home transcutaneous CO2 tracking.

The driving goal behind this project is to develop and implement a streamlined and comprehensive program for nocturnal ventilator management of patients with advanced, hypercapnic COPD.

Description

This is a pilot study evaluating the feasibility and acceptability of a non-pharmacological, mind-body intervention to improve sleep quality, including a preliminary evaluation of neurophysiological signals. The study involves 4 weeks of guided mind-body practice at home using a smartphone app during bedtime and pre/post in-lab sleep study visits.

Description

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether speed-dependent measures of gait can be identified in patients with neurological conditions that affect gait, particularly in subjects with parkinsonian disorders.

Description

In the PATHFINDER 2 trial, the study investigators will test the intraoperative EEG-guided multimodal general anesthesia (MMGA) management strategy in combination with a postoperative protocolized analgesic approach to:

ensure hemodynamic stability and decrease the use of vasopressors in the operating rooms
reduce pain and opioid consumption postoperatively
reduce the incidence of perioperative neurocognitive dysfunction in cardiac surgical patients

Description

This research study is evaluating the effect (good and bad) of a dendritic cell/tumor fusion vaccine in combination with the laboratory made agents GM-CSF and imiquimod on the participants immune system. Another purpose of this study is to determine the type and severity of any side effects associated with this new study vaccine. We will also be evaluating what effect the vaccine has on the participants cancer. Dendritic cell vaccines have already been tested in clinical trials involving participants with many different types of cancer. Dendritic cells are powerful immune-stimulating cells that are normally found in small amounts in the body and are responsible for immune responses against "foreign" substances that enter the body.

Description

The investigators' goal is to conduct a prospective multicenter study to evaluate the yield and outcomes of screening of pancreas cancer in individuals who are at-risk for pancreatic cancer. We plan to use International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS3) Consortium recommendations to standardize study population, screening methodology, and study outcomes.

Description

The investigators will assess the feasibility and validity of esophageal pressure measurements during one-lung ventilation in the lateral position for surgery by comparing to lung collapse estimated from electrical impedance tomography during a PEEP trial.

Description

This study will examine the safety of clofarabine, TLI and ATG as a reduced conditioning regimen prior to allogeneic transplantation. The impact of the conditioning regimen on the presence of the circulating regulatory as compared to activated T cell populations will be assessed.The recovery of DC populations post-transplant will be examined, along with the effect of the regimen on disease free and overall survival.

Description

The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and acceptability (e.g., enrollment, adherence, retention, acceptability of procedures and interventions) of a pilot factorial study design that will help elucidate components of mind-body exercise interventions. The study involves completing a walking program, a mindful attention program, a walking program that includes mindful attention, or no program at all. A "pilot" study is a smaller study that helps researchers to understand whether the study design can be carried out and what participants think about the study.

Description

Hallucinations are a core diagnostic feature of psychotic disorders. They involve different sensory modalities, including auditory, visual, olfactory, tactile, and gustatory hallucinations, among others. Hallucinations occur in multiple different neurological and psychiatric illnesses and can be refractory to existing treatments. Auditory hallucinations and visual hallucinations are found across diagnostic categories of psychotic disorders (schizophrenia, schizoaffective, bipolar disorder). Despite visual hallucinations being approximately half as frequent as auditory hallucinations, they almost always co-occur with auditory hallucinations, and are linked to a more severe psychopathological profile. Auditory and visual hallucinations at baseline also predict higher disability, risk of relapse and duration of psychosis after 1 and 2 years, especially when they occur in combination. Using a newly validated technique termed lesion network mapping, researchers demonstrated that focal brain lesions connected to the right superior temporal sulcus (rSTS) plays a causal role in the development of hallucinations. The rSTS receives convergent somatosensory, auditory, and visual inputs, and is regarded as a site for multimodal sensory integration. Here the investigators aim to answer the question whether noninvasive brain stimulation when optimally targeted to the rSTS can improve brain activity, sensory integration, and hallucinations.

Description

The visual system has increasingly been recognized as an important site of injury in patients with schizophrenia and other psychoses. Visual system alterations manifest as visual perceptual aberrations, deficits in visual processing, and visual hallucinations. These visual symptoms are associated with worse symptoms, poorer outcome and resistance to treatment. A recent study using brain lesion mapping of visual hallucinations and identified a causal location in the part of the brain that processes visual information (visual cortex). The association between visual cortex activation and visual hallucinations suggests that this region could be targeted using noninvasive brain stimulation. Two case studies have found that brain stimulation to the visual cortex improved visual hallucinations in treatment resistant patients with psychosis. While promising it is unclear whether these symptom reductions resulted from activity changes in the visual cortex or not. Here we aim to answer the question whether noninvasive brain stimulation when optimally targeted to the visual cortex can improve brain activity, visual processing and visual hallucinations. The knowledge gained from this study will contribute to the field of vision by providing a marker for clinical response and by personalizing treatment for patients with psychosis suffering from visual symptoms. This grant will allow us to set the foundation for a larger more targeted study utilizing noninvasive brain stimulation to improve visual symptoms in patients with psychosis.

Description

The purpose of this investigation is to study if very low dose IL-2, given to liver transplant patients by subcutaneous (under the skin) injections, over a 4 week period of time, will cause an increase in the number of Treg cells in the blood.

Description

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) involving the colon is a known risk for colon cancer. There are two standards-of-care colonoscopy techniques used for screening all patients who suffer from IBD for more than eight years. One method is to obtain random biopsies throughout the colon and the other is by using dye spraying chromo-colonoscopy.

This trial aims to study the difference between the two colonoscopy techniques during the era of high definition camera in detecting neoplastic lesions during screening patients with long-standing IBD.

Description

This randomized, parallel-design trial will evaluate specific clinical and physiological effects of whole blueberries in adults 70 years of age or older.

Description

The study objective is to characterize the shift in the diversity and abundance of the skin microbial community at baseline and in response to Altreno monotherapy as compared to benzoyl peroxide (BPO) 2.5% leave-on gel monotherapy in acne patients.

Description

This prospective cohort study seeks to determine if the ECHO-CT program, a healthcare videoconferencing program, can improve clinical outcomes while reducing cost and resource utilization when expanded to a community hospital setting. Data will be analyzed on the facility level and patient level.

Description

This study will evaluate the influence of sleep apnea on clinical and radiological features of MS. Sleep apnea is associated with hypoxemia during sleep, which is likely detrimental to MS. Clinical data (MRI, lab results, medical history, labs, and sleep studies) of MS patients will be collected and analyzed. This will be done to study correlations between MRI, clinical data, lab studies and sleep studies. There is specific interest in the type of sleep apnea associated with MS, and whether MRI or clinical metrics of MS severity correlate with presence or absence of sleep apnea.

Description

The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the clinical response of patients with diarrhea to crofelemer relative to placebo and evaluate the overall safety and tolerability of crofelemer in the treatment of diarrhea.

Description

This is a quality improvement health services study in the Division of Gastroenterology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC).

Description

The aim of this study is to test whether an educational pamphlet on mammography designed for women aged 75 and older improves older women's decision-making around mammography screening. The investigators aim to show that the educational pamphlet improves older women's knowledge of the pros and cons or screening and leads to fewer women in poor health with short life expectancy being screened.

Description

Guidelines recommend not screening adults with <10-year life expectancy for cancer; however, primary care physicians feel uncomfortable talking to older adults about prognosis. The investigators aim to determine whether providing PCPs with scripts on patient prognosis and older adults with information on their prognosis would be useful when recommending stopping cancer screening.

Description

In a randomized controlled trial, the investigators will test the effect of a novel strategy for breast cancer risk assessment and risk-based management of women in their 40s seen in primary care. The investigators anticipate that this approach will lead to more optimal use of mammography screening and breast cancer prevention interventions in women in their 40s and as a result will improve care of these women.

Description

The purpose of this study is to analyze an institution's experience with starting a subspecialized DIEP flap program.

Description

Specific aim: To determine whether optokinetic stimulation can improve gait abnormalities.

Hypothesis: Optokinetic stimulation stimulates the vestibular system and can improve vestibular induced gait disorders.

Description

The goal of this pilot study is to obtain preliminary data on the magnitude of the treatment effect of IVIG on the neuropathic pain and neuropathy severity associated with treatment induced neuropathy (TIND).

The investigators hypothesize that immune globulin, administered intravenously (IVIG), will reduce the pain associated with treatment induced neuropathy and reduce the neuropathy severity.

Treatment induced neuropathy in diabetes, is an iatrogenic complications of diabetes. The preliminary data will be used to power a larger treatment trial, and to aid the understanding of the mitigating factors in the treatment response.

Description

This is an observational, prospective study of patients undergoing a surgical procedure. Three parallel studies are taking place with collaborators in other countries. This study aims to bring novel insights regarding the benefits of pre-oxygenation combining standard oxygen facemask with high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO), as opposed to standard oxygen facemask alone by assessing end-tidal oxygen (ETO2) levels after intubation.

Description

The objective of this study is to develop a rationale for the selective treatment of small fiber neuropathy with immune globulin (IVIG) in the appropriate patients.

The investigators hypothesize that individuals with auto-antibodies targeting neuronal antigens (TS-HDS and FGFR3) and confirmed evidence of small fiber neuropathy (by skin biopsy analysis of intra-epidermal nerve fiber density) will have an improvement in both nerve fiber density and pain after treatment with immune globulin.

The co-primary endpoints will be a change in neuropathic pain (by VAS pain score) and a change in intra-epidermal nerve fiber density (by punch skin biopsy).

The data gained from this pilot study will establish a rationale, with an appropriate screening test, for the use of immune globulin for the treatment of small fiber neuropathy.

Description

This is a randomized, pilot interventional study in participants with visual field deficit (VFD) caused by cortical lesion. Damage to the primary visual cortex (V1) causes a contra-lesional, homonymous loss of conscious vision termed hemianopsia, the loss of one half of the visual field. The goal of this project is to elaborate and refine a rehabilitation protocol for VFD participants. It is hypothesized that visual restoration training using moving stimuli coupled with noninvasive current stimulation on the visual cortex will promote and speed up recovery of visual abilities within the blind field in VFD participants. Moreover, it is expected that visual recovery positively correlates with reduction of the blind field, as measured with traditional visual perimetry: the Humphrey visual field test. Finally, although results will vary among participants depending on the extension and severity of the cortical lesion, it is expected that a bigger increase in neural response to moving stimuli in the blind visual field in cortical motion area, for those participants who will show the largest behavioral improvement after training. The overarching goals for the study are as follows: Group 1 will test the basic effects of transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) coupled with visual training in stroke cohorts, including (i) both chronic and subacute VFD stroke participant, and (ii) longitudinal testing up to 6 months post-treatment. Group 2 will examine the effects of tRNS alone, without visual training, also including chronic and subacute VFD stroke participants and longitudinal testing.

Description

This research study is studying an immune-based cancer drug as a possible treatment for prostate cancer.

The drug involved in this study is:

-Nivolumab

Description

This research is being done to determine if the administration of a short course of intravenous hydrocortisone, an anti-inflammatory medication, to patients with severe acute pancreatitis will improve their clinical outcomes and decrease the length of hospitalization. We think that because inflammation in the body drives the progression of pancreatitis, giving a short course of intravenous hydrocortisone may mitigate disease progression and improve clinical outcomes in patients with severe acute pancreatitis.

Description

This study aims to assess the impact of Shambhavi Mahamudra Kriya on human relationships in terms of overall well-being associations with interpersonal and relational outcomes.

Specific aims include:

To quantitatively assess the impact of Shambhavi Mahamudra Kriya on measures of relationship quality, interpersonal mindfulness, and overall well-being
To qualitatively explore the experience and the general Social and Relational impact of Shambhavi Mahamudra Kriya on participants.

Description

The purpose of this protocol is to perform a prospective, randomized, double-blinded, pacebo-controlled clinical trial to determine the influence of a non-invasive positive pressure ventilation device on exercise capacity and symptoms in adult patients with ECAC. Primary outcome will include the total distance traversed by the study subject during a standard 6-minute walk test, and secondary outcomes will include peak flow measurement and symptom reporting before and after the exercise testing. The study will focus on the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device. CPAP is FDA-approved for the treatment of various medical conditions, including obstructive sleep apnea and heart failure, but is not FDA-approved for the treatment of ECAC. The study will enroll 32 ambulatory study subjects with confirmed ECAC at the BIDMC, and each study subject will be monitored for up to 3 months.

Description

This study is a waitlisted randomized controlled trial. We aim to assess the level of compliance for those learning the intervention and to evaluate the impact of the practice on neuropsychological and somatic outcomes using validated scales. Enrollment into the study will be ongoing until we are able to get a sufficient sample size as described in the "Statistical Consideration" section. Upon enrollment and randomization, surveys will be administered to both the intervention and control groups at four time-points: baseline, T2, T3, and T4, each of which are 6 weeks apart. Compliance data will be collected weekly for 12 weeks for both groups.

Description

This is a single-center, cross-sectional study that will recruit approximately fifty (50) meditators and fifty controls. Individuals that have learned at least the Shambhavi Mahamudra Kriya practice and live in Massachusetts will be mailed a DREEM EEG device, and a sleepimage ring. Participants will be asked to wear the two devices while sleeping for three consecutive weekday nights (Sunday night to Thursday night) and two weekend nights (Friday and Saturday nights). While meditating during the day, participants will only wear the DREEM EEG headband. Participants will also undergo neurocognitive tests from the NIH toolbox during one virtual visit via video call. Meditators who join the study will be asked to invite a control subject to the study, matched for age and comorbidities.