Meditation and Opioid Consumption in Total Joint Replacement Patients Undergo Primary Total Hip and Knee Replacement
Background: The Center for Disease Control identified prescription drug abuse as one of the top 5 current health threats in the US. Orthopedic Surgeons rank among the top 3 prescribers of opioid analgesics. Opioids are commonly used following total knee arthroplasty. Peri- operative protocols have been developed to reduce opioid intake however complications related to opioid analgesics remain problematic resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. There is a pressing need for non-narcotic adjuncts that can minimize /eliminate the use of opioids following elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Mind-body techniques including mindful medication (MM) have been demonstrated to reduce pain in acute and chronic disease states.
Purpose: To determine whether mindful meditation, in conjunction with standard analgesic protocols, can impact opioid consumption, pain and function following elective primary TKA.
Methods: a prospective, randomized control trial was conducted in patients aged 18-99 with degenerative joint disease of the knee presenting for primary TKA. Controls received standard perioperative analgesia. In additional to standard analgesia, study patients performed Isha-Krya meditation peri-operatively for 2 weeks followed by 4 weeks post operatively. Outcome measures: opioid consumption, time to discontinue opioids, Pain by Visual Analog Score (VAS), Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 10 (PROMIS-10) Global Health Short Form, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS)