Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials

Description

The purpose of the study is to determine the optimal surgical approach (ventral vs dorsal) for patients with multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). There are no established guidelines for the management of patients with CSM, which represents the most common cause of spinal cord injury and dysfunction in the US and in the world.

This study aims to test the hypothesis that ventral surgery is associated with superior Short Form-36 physical component Score (SF-36 PCS) outcome at one year follow-up compared to dorsal approaches and that both ventral and dorsal surgery improve symptoms of spinal cord dysfunction measured using the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association Score (mJOA). A secondary hypothesis is that health resource utilization for ventral surgery, dorsal fusion, and laminoplasty surgery are different. A third hypothesis is that cervical sagittal balance post-operatively is a significant predictor of SF-36 PCS outcome.

Description

The purpose of the project is to perform an RCT comparing patient satisfaction and outcome with or without the use of an expert panel. The purpose is also to create a registry to compare the effectiveness of decompression alone versus decompression with fusion for patients with degenerative grade I spondylolisthesis and symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis. Primary analysis will focus on the patients' improvement from baseline patient-reported outcome questionnaires.

In addition, the SLIP II registry aims to (i) develop an algorithm which could identify cases in which surgical experts are likely to recommend one treatment (i.e. >80% of experts recommend one form of treatment) and (ii) develop a radiology-based machine learning algorithm that would prospectively classify patients as either 'stable' or 'unstable.'

In addition to patient reported outcomes, step counts will be collected in order to determine the correlation of step count with patient-reported outcomes (ODI and EQ-5D) and the need for re-operation.

This registry portion of the study aims to prospectively collect comparative data for these patients treated with either decompression alone or decompression with fusion.

Description

The purpose of this early study is to compare the clinical results of the new Conduit Interbody device to the traditional Concorde Bullet Device. The primary objective is to explore the rates and reasons for re-operation between both constructs at 2 years.

Description

The investigators aim is to compare outcomes between an angled-tip guidewire and a straight-tip guidewire in cannulation of the common bile duct during ERCP. This is a randomized, controlled, single-blinded study. The primary outcome is success of cannulation and secondary outcomes are incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis, procedure duration, and rate of complication between the angled wire and straight wire.

Description

A Prospective Comparative Study Of Monoclonal Antibodies For The Treatment Of Alzheimer's Disease

Description

The goal of this study is to determine if a mind-body intervention can help people suffering from symptoms associated with Long COVID. The study is a randomized trial examining the effectiveness of a mind body intervention in reducing somatic symptoms from Long COVID in participants as compared to usual care and an active control (second mind body intervention). The investigators will secondarily investigate whether the intervention alleviates individual somatic complaints and improves daily functioning, relative to usual care and the active control

Description

This is a single-center, cross-sectional study that will recruit approximately fifty (50) meditators and fifty controls. Individuals that have learned at least the Shambhavi Mahamudra Kriya practice and live in Massachusetts will be mailed a DREEM EEG device, and a sleepimage ring. Participants will be asked to wear the two devices while sleeping for three consecutive weekday nights (Sunday night to Thursday night) and two weekend nights (Friday and Saturday nights). While meditating during the day, participants will only wear the DREEM EEG headband. Participants will also undergo neurocognitive tests from the NIH toolbox during one virtual visit via video call. Meditators who join the study will be asked to invite a control subject to the study, matched for age and comorbidities.

Description

The goal of this pilot study is to obtain preliminary data on the magnitude of the treatment effect of IVIG on the neuropathic pain and neuropathy severity associated with treatment induced neuropathy (TIND).

The investigators hypothesize that immune globulin, administered intravenously (IVIG), will reduce the pain associated with treatment induced neuropathy and reduce the neuropathy severity.

Treatment induced neuropathy in diabetes, is an iatrogenic complications of diabetes. The preliminary data will be used to power a larger treatment trial, and to aid the understanding of the mitigating factors in the treatment response.

Description

The objective of this study is to develop a rationale for the selective treatment of small fiber neuropathy with immune globulin (IVIG) in the appropriate patients.

The investigators hypothesize that individuals with auto-antibodies targeting neuronal antigens (TS-HDS and FGFR3) and confirmed evidence of small fiber neuropathy (by skin biopsy analysis of intra-epidermal nerve fiber density) will have an improvement in both nerve fiber density and pain after treatment with immune globulin.

The co-primary endpoints will be a change in neuropathic pain (by VAS pain score) and a change in intra-epidermal nerve fiber density (by punch skin biopsy).

The data gained from this pilot study will establish a rationale, with an appropriate screening test, for the use of immune globulin for the treatment of small fiber neuropathy.

Description

Our objective is to find an effective prophylactic intervention by evaluating IV acetaminophen's impact in reducing the frequency of postoperative delirium, one of the most common and detrimental complications of cardiac surgery in older adults.

Description

This project is a multicenter, three armed, prospective randomized control trial studying the effectiveness of a long-acting local anesthetic "cocktail" in patients undergoing operative fixation of ankle fractures.

Description

The purpose of this study is to determine whether administration of a pectoral nerve blocks (Pecs I and II) with 0.25% bupivacaine are more effective as compared to placebo to provide analgesia for cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) placement in cardiac electrophysiology lab

Description

The purpose of this study is to determine if the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)-guided navigation bronchoscopy is better in diagnosing lung nodules compared to navigation bronchoscopy alone.

Description

There is an increased risk of diastolic heart failure in post menopausal women. Estrogen plays a positive role in regulating molecular pathways in heart remodeling. Such pathways may work through purinergic signaling and its downstream effects on the heart's mitochondrial metabolism and angiogenic response to stress. Loss of estrogen functionality in post menopausal women may account for the increased risk of diastolic heart failure. The investigators will explore said pathways using cardiac tissue obtained from patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Description

The goal of this research study is to develop and test a website to help primary care providers (PCPs) discuss the pros and cons of mammography with women aged 75 and older and to help participants make decisions about mammography.

Description

This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study to investigate the effect of intravenous thiamine (vitamin B1) on lactate, cellular oxygen consumption, global oxygen consumption and biomarkers of neurologic injury after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). .

Description

The objective of this study is to determine whether a new minimally invasive method for in vivo measurement of cortical bone tissue properties can identify those who are at risk for fragility fractures of the hip and radius. The investigators hypothesis is that women with fragility fractures of the hip and radius have altered cortical bone tissue properties compared to non-fracture controls independent of standard clinical tests, such as bone mineral density (BMD) by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA).

Description

The Take Off Pounds after Stroke (TOPS) trial is a Prospective Randomized Open-Label Blinded Endpoint (PROBE) study that will test a 12-week high protein, calorie restricted, partial meal replacement program, compared to enhanced standard care, for efficacy in achieving clinically significant weight loss without impairment of physical function patients with elevated body mass index (BMI) following a recent ischemic stroke.

Description

This is a randomized, pilot interventional study in participants with visual field deficit (VFD) caused by cortical lesion. Damage to the primary visual cortex (V1) causes a contra-lesional, homonymous loss of conscious vision termed hemianopsia, the loss of one half of the visual field. The goal of this project is to elaborate and refine a rehabilitation protocol for VFD participants. It is hypothesized that visual restoration training using moving stimuli coupled with noninvasive current stimulation on the visual cortex will promote and speed up recovery of visual abilities within the blind field in VFD participants. Moreover, it is expected that visual recovery positively correlates with reduction of the blind field, as measured with traditional visual perimetry: the Humphrey visual field test. Finally, although results will vary among participants depending on the extension and severity of the cortical lesion, it is expected that a bigger increase in neural response to moving stimuli in the blind visual field in cortical motion area, for those participants who will show the largest behavioral improvement after training. The overarching goals for the study are as follows: Group 1 will test the basic effects of transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) coupled with visual training in stroke cohorts, including (i) both chronic and subacute VFD stroke participant, and (ii) longitudinal testing up to 6 months post-treatment. Group 2 will examine the effects of tRNS alone, without visual training, also including chronic and subacute VFD stroke participants and longitudinal testing.

Description

The primary objective of this study is to examine the safety and effectiveness of physician-modified endovascular grafts (PMEGs) for endovascular repair of complex aortic pathology in high-risk patients. The study is divided into three study arms based on the subject's aortic pathology: (1) Complex abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA); (2) Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm; and (3) Aortic dissection.

Description

Patients with migraine often report that stressors such as skipping a meal can bring on a migraine whereas some patients report that their migraine improves with food. Few studies to date have looked at the relationship between blood glucose (sugar) and migraine. We are conducting this study to better understand whether or not changes in blood glucose levels can trigger migraine or provide relief during a migraine attack.

Description

The purpose of the study is to determine the cost-effectiveness of different surgical strategies to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy. The study will use data generated from the CSM-S Trial (NCT02076113).

To determine if laminoplasty is more cost-effective compared to dorsal fusion or ventral fusion surgery.
To determine the relative cost-effectiveness between anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), posterior instrumented cervical fusion (PCF), and cervical laminoplasty.

Description

The purpose of this study is to examine how acute nutritional challenges affect levels of several proteins involved in metabolism. These proteins will be measured in blood and fat tissue.

This study will have several aims.

One aim is to examine the effect of 72 hours of fasting on fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels. Participants will spend 3 days and nights in the Clinical Research Center at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, MA. Daily blood samples will be taken. Two fat samples will be taken prior to and at the end of the fast. A subset of participants will also have two MRIs, one prior to and one at the end of the fast. We will study healthy adults and obese adults with liver-biopsy-diagnosed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). THIS STUDY ARM IS CURRENTLY NOT RECRUITING

Another aim is to examine the effect of low-calorie diet on FGF-21 levels. Subjects will follow a hypocaloric diet that will be designed to achieve 3-5% weight loss. We will enroll participants with liver-biopsy-diagnosed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Participants will report weekly to the Clinical Research Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center for weight measurements. Blood will be drawn before and after the weight loss. Participants will also have an MRI before and after the weight loss.

THIS ARM IS CURRENTLY NOT RECRUITING

Another aim of the study is to examine the effect of acute ingestion of glucose, fructose, and other sugars on serum FGF21 levels. Subjects in this study will be lean volunteers and individuals with metabolic syndrome.

THIS ARM IS CURRENTLY RECRUITING

Description

The purpose of this protocol is to investigate the effect of treatment with the study drug Liraglutide, a GLP-1 receptor agonist, on centers of the brain that control appetite and food intake.

Description

In the PATHFINDER 2 trial, the study investigators will test the intraoperative EEG-guided multimodal general anesthesia (MMGA) management strategy in combination with a postoperative protocolized analgesic approach to:

reduce the incidence of perioperative neurocognitive dysfunction in cardiac surgical patients
ensure hemodynamic stability and decrease use of vasopressors in the operating rooms
reduce pain and opioid consumption postoperatively

Description

The primary aim of this study is to examine the effect of acute ingestion of fructose on serum FGF21 levels. Subjects in this study will be lean volunteers and individuals with metabolic syndrome.

Description

This study will examine the potential changes in the blood levels of a recently discovered metabolic regulator in response to changes in diet in healthy adults. Our hypothesis is that in healthy adults key regulatory factors involved in lipid oxidation will respond to changes in diet, particularly fasting and diet-induced ketosis.

Description

The primary aim of this study is to examine the effect of fructose ingestion on serum FGF-21 levels in humans.

Description

This is a continuation of our previous studies on Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML). We will focus on the role of inflammation in PML, and define prognostic markers of disease evolution.

Description

This randomized, parallel-design trial will evaluate specific clinical and physiological effects of whole blueberries in adults 70 years of age or older.

Description

This is a prospective cohort study of older patients receiving implantable cardioverter-defibrillators. The purpose of the TRACER-ICD study is to conduct a prospective cohort investigation with the goal of 500 patients age >65 receiving new primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Patients will be followed quarterly for 18 months with interviews, electronic record review, and remote monitoring to characterize clinical and functional trajectories following device implantation, with permission for extended electronic follow-up for up to 10 years (Aim 1). This cohort will support validation and refinement of an established model for predicting personalized outcome profiles for ICD therapies and death (Aim 2). Lastly, we will combine electronic record review with semi-structured interviews with patients and physicians to evaluate physician and patient experiences with a prototype individualized shared decision-making (SDM) tool (Aim 3).

Description

This double-blinded, placebo-control trial clinical trial aims to investigate the effect of IV oxytocin infusion on peri-operative opioid consumption following a minimally invasive hysterectomy under general anesthesia. The patient population will be women scheduled for an elective, minimally invasive hysterectomy at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.

The investigators hypothesize that, compared to a placebo, exposure to intravenous (IV) oxytocin will reduce the amount of opioid consumption for women after a minimally invasive hysterectomy procedure.

Description

The goal of this this hybrid safety/implementation study is to evaluate whether using long-acting cabotegravir (CAB-LA) for HIV prevention (PrEP) is acceptable, feasible and safe in post-partum people who are breastfeeding. The main question[s] it aims to answer are:

Will CAB-LA injections work well as a way to prevent HIV infection in post-partum people?
Will CAB-LA injections be safe in post-partum people and their infants who will be breastfeeding?

Participants without HIV who are admitted to the maternity ward after having delivered a baby will be offered to start CAB-LA PrEP. Those who choose to participate will receive their first dose (injection) at the maternity ward and their follow up doses (injections) at their local clinic when they come for routine post-partum and pediatric care. Participants and their infants will be followed in the study for 24 months. We will be following how many people come on-time for their CAB-LA injections, how often they keep coming back, and the reasons they continue (or stop) these injections. We will also test people for HIV at all of their visits to see how many people get HIV during the study. We will also measure the levels of the medication in the blood of the post-partum people and their infants (who may be getting some of the CAB-LA in breastmilk) and evaluate to see if their is any impact of CAB-LA on the health of the post-partum person or their infants.

Description

Multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of anamorelin HCl. Approximately 100 subjects with advanced PDAC and cachexia will be randomized 1:1 to anamorelin HCl 100 mg or placebo, taken orally once daily (QD) for a total of 25 weeks. Subjects will be instructed to take the study drug at least 1 hour before their first meal of the day

Description

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. Surgical removal of the entire prostate (prostatectomy) is one option among the various ways to treat prostate cancer. The use of robot assistance for prostatectomy has become common place, but its effectiveness has not been compared to standard open prostatectomy in trials carried out at more than one medical institution in which participants are identified and followed forward in time. Robot assisted and standard open prostatectomy health related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes have not been compared in a prospective, multi-centered study. Prostatectomy can have side effects that can change with time. This research study seeks to determine how common and how long-lasting such side effects are; to find out what features of individual men's cancers and what features of the treatments affect those side effects. This study also seeks to identify factors that affect the quality of prostate cancer care by looking at how satisfied men are with their prostate cancer care. Through these findings, this study aims to allow treatment side effects to be anticipated more accurately for individual patients, and to provide a means for determining the quality of prostate care.

Description

The goal of this prospective observational cohort study is to validate a previously developed pancreatic cancer risk prediction algorith (the PRISM model) using electronic health records from the general population. The main questions it aims to answer are:

Will a pancreatic cancer risk model, developed on routine EHR data, reliably and accurately predict pancreatic cancer in real-time?
What is the average time from model deployment and risk prediction, to the date of pancreatic cancer development and what is the stage of pancreatic cancer at diagnosis? The risk model will be deployed on data from individuals eligible for the study. Each individual will be assigned a risk score and tracked over time to assess the model's discriminatory performance and calibration.

Description

The study is designed to investigate the impact of three nights of sleep restricted to 4 hours per night, on the processing and regulation of emotional information compared to Insomnia Disorder and control. The investigators will address and attempt to answer two questions.

(i) How do three nights of reduced sleep or a diagnosis of Insomnia Disorder affect the processing and regulation of emotional information compared to typical, undisturbed sleep? (ii) What overlapping and distinct neural mechanisms are engaged and associated with behavioral effects when attempting to process and regulate emotions in a sleep restricted state or with a clinical diagnosis of Insomnia Disorder? This study will investigate sleep's role in emotion processing and regulation. The findings will help further understanding of the role of sleep in healthy emotional functioning.

Description

This randomized controlled pilot clinical trial will enroll patients undergoing dynamic flexible bronchoscopy will be randomized to receive one of the two anesthetic combinations described above. The study will determine if there is a difference when considering patient and physician and satisfaction when performing DFB. Also, safety and efficacy of the two pharmacological combinations (fentanyl + midazolam and remifentanil + ketamine) used will be evaluated.

Description

The purpose of this protocol is to perform a pilot prospective controlled clinical trial to evaluate the potential role of lung fissure completion with pleural adhesiolysis strategy (experimental intervention) in severe emphysema/COPD patients with failed bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) via the use of endobronchial valves (EBVs) therapy. In select patients, the lung fissure completion with adhesiolysis strategy will be performed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) guided stapling along the lung fissures to reduce collateral ventilation with adhesions removal and determine whether this experimental strategy will improve outcomes after failed BLVR in patients with severe emphysema/COPD.

Description

The purpose of this protocol is to perform a pilot prospective randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate the potential role of lung fissure completion strategy (experimental intervention) in addition to endobronchial valve (EBV) placement (representing "standard-of-care") in select patients with severe COPD/emphysema and with evidence for <95% fissure completion between adjacent lung lobes. In select patients, lung fissure completion strategy will be performed by either video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS)-guided or robotic-guided stapling along the lung fissures in an attempt to reduce collateral ventilation and determine whether or not this experimental strategy will improve outcome following subsequent EBV placement. EBV placement will follow successful VATS-guided or robotic-guided fissure stapling.

The study will enroll approximately 20 patients at BIDMC, and outcomes will focus on procedure-related complications, physiological measurements (ex., FEV1 by pulmonary function testing) and clinical symptoms (i.e., questionnaires). Patient will be followed for 3-month period, receiving usual standard of care during the 3 months of follow-up. The goal of this protocol is to determine if elimination of significant collateral lung ventilation between lung lobes is possible, and whether such strategy to eliminate collateral lung ventilation between lobes improves outcomes following subsequent EBV placement (i.e. promotes atelectasis of diseased lung segments) in the management of severe COPD/emphysema in appropriate candidates. For subjects in the medical management control group, upon completion of the 3-month F/U period, they will be eligible for EBV if they choose.

Description

The study objective is to characterize the shift in the diversity and abundance of the skin microbial community at baseline and in response to Altreno monotherapy as compared to benzoyl peroxide (BPO) 2.5% leave-on gel monotherapy in acne patients.

Description

Brown fat is a type of fat, found in both children and adults, which can produce heat and regulate the body's metabolism and energy use. White fat is the more common type of fat which is used to store extra calories. Understanding more about differences between brown and white fat may allow us to develop new approaches to improve the body's metabolism.

Description

This research study is examining whether Neratinib has any activity in participants with prostate cancer that has spread and is no longer responding to hormonal treatment.

- The names of the study drug involved in this study is neratinib.

Description

This research study is studying an immune-based cancer drug as a possible treatment for prostate cancer.

The drug involved in this study is:

-Nivolumab

Description

This research study is evaluating the use of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CMR) as a method of detecting early signs of damage to the heart that can be associated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy for the treatment of breast cancer.

Description

The SATURN trial aims to determine whether continuation vs. discontinuation of statin drugs after spontaneous lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the best strategy; and whether the decision to continue/discontinue statins should be influenced by an individual's Apolipoprotein-E (APOE) genotype.

An MRI ancillary study (SATURN MRI), in a subset of SATURN participants , will evaluate the effects of continuation vs. discontinuation of statin drugs on hemorrhagic and ischemic MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease, and whether the presence/burden of hemorrhagic markers (i.e. cerebral microbleeds and/or cortical superficial siderosis) on baseline MRI influences the risk of ICH recurrence on/off statin therapy.

Description

The goal of this research study is to determine whether hormonal therapies used early in the course of prostate cancer could increase the amount of Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) as detected by PET/CT scans for participants with recurrent prostate cancer. This study will measure PSMA levels using standard PET/CT scans and participants will receive standard-of-care androgen receptor antagonist monotherapy.

The names of the treatment interventions involved in this study are:

Androgen receptor antagonist monotherapy.
PSMA PET/CT scan

It is expected that about 15 people will take part in this research study.

Participation in this research study is expected to last about 4 weeks.

Description

The goal of this fully-remote randomized controlled trial is to test the efficacy of Mindful Steps in facilitating physical activity compared to usual standard of care among 136 patients with COPD and/or HF. The main question it aims to answer is can this intervention promote physical activity as measured by daily step counts in sedentary patients with COPD and/or HF. Participants will be randomized (1:1 ratio) to receive either the Mindful Steps intervention or usual care for 12 months, with both arms receiving a Walking for Health education booklet.

Description

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a targeted educational approach designed to increase knowledge about the risks and benefits of living donation generally and KPD (Kidney Paired Donation) specifically, enhance KPD self-efficacy, reduce KPD concerns, and facilitate informed decision-making about KPD among potential live kidney donor and kidney transplant patients.