Take Off Pounds After Stroke Trial (TOPS)
The TOPS trial is designed as a PROBE study to test the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a 12-week high protein, calorie restricted, partial meal replacement program, compared to enhanced standard care, in achieving clinically significant weight loss without impairment of physical function when initiated within 90 days following ischemic stroke in patients with BMI 27-to-49.9 kg/m2.
Participants will be randomized in a 1-1 ratio to the partial meal replacement program (diet intervention) or enhanced standard care (control) with randomization stratified by recruitment center (BIDMC, Yale) and baseline diet consistency status (Modified Consistency Diet vs Regular Consistency Diet). Baseline diet consistency status was selected as a stratification factor because it is expected that patients with difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) after stroke that results in need for modifications to food/liquids will have a different weight loss trajectory than patients who are able to safely consume a regular diet. The follow-up duration will be 12 weeks for all subjects.